If you suspect you or your baby has a thrush infection, see your health visitor or GP. They can arrange for swabs to be taken from your nipples and your baby’s mouth to see if thrush is present. It’s important other causes of breast pain are ruled out before you start treatment for thrush.
If no thrush is present, the pain may be caused by something else, such as poor positioning and attachment. It’s important for your midwife, health visitor or a breastfeeding specialist to watch you do a full breastfeed and give advice if needed.
If either you or your baby does have thrush, you’ll need to be treated at the same time as the infection can easily spread between you. It can also spread to other members of the family.
Washing your hands carefully after nappy changes and using separate towels will help prevent the infection spreading. You’ll also need to wash and sterilise any dummies, teats or toys your baby puts in their mouth.
You’ll need to wash any breastfeeding bras at a high temperature and change your breast pads frequently while you’re both being treated.
If you express any breast milk while you have thrush, you’ll need to give the milk to your baby while you’re still having treatment. Freezing it and using it may mean the thrush comes back at a later date.